Go to Licores Maduro

Wine Country: Portugal

The rich history of Portugal is firmly intertwined with its wines, especially its most famous wine, Port. Portugal’s wine history might date back to the Romans; however it wasn’t until the 19th Century that Port came into existence. 

It was the British that started demanding Portugal’s table wine in the 17th Century. In the beginning the wine was very rustic; therefore small amount of Brandy was added to the wine. That’s when British companies began investing in Portugal and perfected the process of adding Brandy during fermentation.

Because of this process, the Portugal’s Duoro Valley region was able to preserve its unique fruity red wine flavors.

Currently Portugal has eleven wine producing regions, with the Duoro Valley region as their leader. Although the region is associated with Port wine, it produces wonderful terriors, table wines and fortified wines. Red wine grapes that are cultivated in this region are Bastardo, Mourisco Tinto, Tinta Amarela, Tinta Barroca, Tinta Cao and Tempranillo. Another wine producing region is Bairrada, a region dominated only by one grape, Baga. This grape is responsible for 80% of Bairrada’s wine production. The wines from this region are highly tannic, because the producers choose to leave the stems from the grape in the fermentation vat. Located inland is Dão. Because their reds were considered tough and unlovely, this region had some trouble catching on in the beginning. However since 1990, there has been a massive improvement. The soil produces ripe grapes with good acidity which in combination with the improvements results in elegant, expressive red wines.

Overall, the uniqueness of the wine industry in Portugal lies in the large number of indigenous grape varietals. Some of these grapes are so rare that even most wine experts are unfamiliar with them. Older vineyards are planted with multiple grape varietals, which lead to field blends that are impossible to identify. As modernization continues, Portugal is proving that it still has undiscovered potential.